The Working House under Speaker GMA
That change has been evident since Speaker Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo assumed the helm, bringing with her the bravado and great zeal which has influenced the 292-strong member House of Representatives into crafting and approving numerous bills in only a short span of time. Let’s take a quick refresher on who composes this resolute lawmaking body. House Speaker: Bastion of Leadership From its first speaker in 1907 in the person of the late great Sergio Osmeña, many political titans have served as leader of the House of Representatives. Currently headed by the 14th President and the first woman Speaker of the Republic of the Philippines, Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, the House Speaker is the fourth highest government official. Arroyo was elected to the Speakership on July 23, 2018 and is the first woman and 21st person to serve as Speaker. The Speaker is elected by a majority of all House members. The Speaker is the third in the line of succession for the presidency, after the Vice President and Senate President. The Speaker presides over the House sessions; decides on all questions of order, subject to appeal by any member; signs all acts, resolutions, memorials, writs, warrants, and subpoenas issued by or upon order of the House; appoints, suspends, dismisses or disciplines House personnel; and exercises administrative functions. Deputy Speakers Currently comprised of 14 lawmakers from different parts of the country, the Deputy Speakers under SGMA’s current term is one of the most in history. They are the second highest-ranking officials of the House. In the absence of the Speaker, one of the Deputy Speakers is tasked to preside during sessions. There used to be only one Deputy Speaker since the House was first established in 1907 – the official was called Speaker Pro-Tempore. It was only in 1995 (or during the 10th Congress) when the position was renamed to Deputy Speakers.
The Minority Leader is not necessarily a hardcore oppositionist. His job is more to ensure check and balance in the Chamber. Presently, Quezon Rep. Danilo Suarez is the Minority Leader.