THE plight of Filipina women workers worsened under the Aquino administration with those in the countryside suffering the brunt of his anti-women policies, the economic research group IBON Foundation said as it marked International Women’s Day on Tuesday.
“It has been more than a century since International Working Women’s Day was established as women workers were fighting against oppression and inequality, demanded better pay, shorter working hours and voting rights,” the group said.
“Today, Filipino women are still struggling for better pay and working conditions and a better future for the nation and their children,” they added.
Citing independent figures, IBON said that women working in agriculture made 13 percent less (P135.85) than their male counterparts (P156.32) in 2010 but this hardly improved in 2014 under President Benigno Aquino III with women making P166.92, or 12 percent less than the male wage of P190.47.
In the manufacturing sector, the wage gap between women and men even went up 7.3 percent from P296.36 to P319.75 in 2010 to 11 percent (Php323.34 versus Php363.45) in 2014.
The group said these wage distortions has only created further job insecurity and poor quality work and intensified the exploitation of women workers in the country today.
The group also observed that women working in the informal sector increased from 41.9 percent in 2010 to 43.6 percent of the total number of unpaid family and self-employed workers in 2014.
The percentage of unpaid women family workers meanwhile rose from 55.8 percent of total unpaid family workers in 2010 to 57.0 percent in 2014. The portion of self-employed women also went up from 36.6 percent to 38.4 percent within the same period.
IBON also noted that the number of working children increased from 2.1 million in 2010 to 2.2 million 2014. Girls comprised 37% of working children in 2014 with the majority working in agriculture.