Next week’s World Trade Organization ministerial conference, the global trade body’s biggest gathering in four years, was postponed at the last minute Friday due to the new Omicron COVID-19 variant.
The WTO hoped the four-day gathering in Geneva would breathe new life into the crippled organization, which has been stuck for years trying to make progress on resolving issues like fishery subsidies.
New director-general Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala was also hoping, against the odds, to make progress towards a deal on lifting COVID vaccine patents, proving the WTO had a relevant role to play in combating the pandemic.
But the conference was postponed four days before it was due to start, hours after Omicron was declared a variant of concern by the World Health Organization.
Fears surrounding the spread of the variant saw countries banning flights from southern Africa, where the strain was first detected on Nov. 9.
“This has not been an easy recommendation to make,” Okonjo-Iweala said.
“But as director-general, my priority is the health and safety of all MC12 participants – ministers, delegates and civil society. It is better to err on the side of caution.”
WTO General Council chair Dacio Castillo called an emergency meetingof all 164 member states to tell them about the Omicron situation, including travel restrictions and quarantine requirements.
The members unanimously supported the postponement call.
Okonjo-Iweala said the travel constraints would have prevented many ministers from reaching Geneva, rendering equal participation impossible.
The beleaguered WTO’s 12th ministerial conference (MC12) has already been postponed once before due to the pandemic. It was originally dueto take place in Kazakhstan’s capital Nur-Sultan in June 2020.
The WTO intends to reconvene “as soon as possible when conditions allow,” said Castillo.
The conference normally takes place every two years.
It was expected to draw more than 100 ministers to Geneva, where the organization is based, including heads of state, plus 4,000 or sodelegates.
The gathering was being seen as a test of Okonjo-Iweala’s ability to fulfil promises to turn around the crisis-hit institution.
The Nigerian former foreign minister, who in March became the first African and first woman to lead the WTO, has been widely hailed for her revitalization efforts.
She has helped kick-start blocked trade negotiations, and made reaching a long-elusive deal to end harmful fishery subsidies a top priority for the conference.
She also stressed the urgency of agreeing on how to remove trade barriers blocking access to Covid-19 vaccines.
Ministers were also due to discuss calls for a temporary waiver on intellectual property protections for vaccines and other medical tools needed to fight the pandemic.
But COVID caught up with the conference before Okonjo-Iweala could even start banging heads together on the subject.
“This new variant reminds us once again of the urgency of the work we are charged with,” she said.
EU Trade Commissioner Valdis Dombrovskis said the WTO had made a “difficult but wise decision” to postpone.
“Rest assured: we will continue to work towards a successful outcome of the postponed ministerial in the meantime,” he said.
Meanwhile, President Joe Biden on Friday said other countries need to match US “generosity” and donate more COVID-19 vaccines, or the pandemic will not be stopped.
“This pandemic will not end until we have global vaccinations,” he said in a statement from Nantucket, where he was spending the Thanksgiving holiday.
Biden also called on countries to give up intellectual property protections to allow vaccines to be manufactured worldwide.
The urgent appeal from the US president came as he imposed travel restrictions on eight southern African countries in response to the detection of the potentially dangerous new Omicron variant of COVID-19 in South Africa.
“For the world community, the news about this new variant should make clearer than ever why this pandemic will not end until we have global vaccinations,” Biden said.
“The United States has already donated more vaccines to other countries than every other country combined. It is time for other countries to match America’s speed and generosity.”