British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher granted Corazon Aquino’s request for asylum at the height of the uprising that swept her to power in the Philippines, according to newly declassified files released on Tuesday.
Aquino headed the four-day 1986 People Power Revolution that ended the 21-year rule of totalitarian President Ferdinand Marcos.
He had declared victory in a snap election tainted by fraud allegations.
During the turmoil, Aquino sought sanctuary in the British embassy or the ambassador’s residence in Manila, files released by Britain’s National Archives indicated.
But Britain’s protection was ultimately not needed as Marcos stepped down the following day and the Aquino government was officially recognized.
The asylum request was in a Downing Street file on Britain’s relations with the Philippines spanning from 1981 to 1995.
On the evening of Feb. 24, 1986, Foreign Office diplomat Len Appleyard wrote to Charles Powell, Thatcher’s private secretary for foreign affairs.
He said Aquino had asked whether Britain would be prepared to offer sanctuary in the British embassy or residence at 8:00 a.m. local time the following morning midnight in Britain.
Appleyard said Aquino had rejected sanctuary with the Americans and the Japanese but turned to the British “because they are ‘friendly and reliable’.”
It was thought the request was a contingency in case the situation turned ugly.
Appleyard said Aquino had widespread support and was “almost certainly deprived of the presidency by fraud,” while the move would ensure warm relations with the likely next government.
But Britain feared it could not effectively guarantee her safety and the ambassador’s residence would be “impossible to defend” against government forces.
The residence would become the focus for “massive demonstrations of support” by her backers and opponents alike, with the risk of armed clashes, Appleyard wrote.
Aquino would in effect try to conduct a provisional government from the residence and therefore Britain would be involved in the country’s internal politics.
Britain’s foreign minister at the time, Geoffrey Howe, considered any offer of sanctuary as an “illusory gesture” which could drag Britain into Philippine internal affairs.
But Powell swiftly replied later that evening, with Thatcher’s approval “to offer such refuge as we have”, but warned: “For obvious reasons we cannot guarantee Mrs. Aquino’s safety.
“But we would not deny her what refuge we can offer if, on reflection she maintains her request.”
Ultimately, Marcos quit at around 9:00 p.m. on Feb. 25.
Relations between Aquino and Thatcher appeared to be warm in the following years.
The files contained a Sept. 25, 1987 letter from the president to the prime minister thanking her for the “thoughtful gift” of a book on the history of Downing Street.
Thatcher, who left power in 1990, died in 2013 aged 87.
Aquino remained as president until 1992. She died aged 76 in 2009.