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How to keep rats away from one's home

How to keep rats away from one's homeRats carry diseases that humans and pets can be infected with.

“Rodents can easily escape and invade your home, spreading the diseases to your family members. They require spillage foods, stagnant water, and shelter for their survival,” says Irina in “14 Home Remedies to Get Rid of Rats Fast (Naturally)" in Pest Wiki website.

How to keep rats away from one's home
(Left) Dos, a rescued cat of Save ALL, stays on the stairs where he can view the garden. (Right) Tres, also a rescued cat of Save ALL, loves to stay near the kitchen which is beside the garden. 
Dogs can be infected with leptospirosis, while humans, specially children, can get 20 types of diseases from rats. These include foot and mouth disease, lassa fever, leptospirosis, bubonic plague, and hantavirus infections.

“They transmit diseases through their urine and feces. They act as a zoonotic vector,” Irina says.

Rodent infestation in your house can be easily identified by their droppings, tear or rip in your fabric material, digs or holes in your open areas, holes in your furniture. Rats feed on vegetables, fruits, fish or meat,” Irina adds.

If you have dogs and cats roaming in your garden pr garage, rat poison is not recommended.

Rodenticides, when inhaled, can cause damage to kidneys and other organs.

Home remedies are preferred because they are as effective but not toxic.

Natural remedies

1.   Cats  

The best repellant is your cat. Rats keep away from cats as cats are natural predators of rats.

Let your cat roam in the garden or yard or stay inside the house.

2.   Peppermint

Plant peppermint.

Rats hate peppermint while we humans love its fragrance. Peppermint is also safe for dogs.

DO NOT USE PEPPERMINT OIL IF YOU HAVE DOGS.

Anne Burke in “Are Essential Oils Safe for Dogs?” in the American Kennel Club website says: “Applying oils topically can be irritating to the skin — yours and your dog’s. This is counterproductive for treating skin conditions and can add to your dog’s discomfort. Therefore, without proper professional guidance, it’s best to avoid using essential oils topically or directly on your dog. Instead, look for expertly formulated products that incorporate dog-safe essential oils.”

“The chemicals in essential oils are rapidly absorbed into the system, whether received orally or through the skin, and metabolized by the liver. Therefore, using essential oils could be problematic for puppies and young dogs, dogs with liver disease, or elderly dogs,” Burke adds.

“If your pup can reach the essential oil you put on him and licks it off, it could result in gastrointestinal upset. Never leave essential oils or bottles in a place where your dog (or any other pets, or children) can get them. If your dog does ingest essential oils, contact your veterinarian and poison control immediately,” Burke stresses.

3. Owl feathers

The two natural predators of rats and mice are owls and snakes.

But as Irina notes, we can’t keep a snake or an owl at home.

She suggests putting some owl feathers near the holes of rats, or where rats come out like drainage holes.  

“These feathers are inexpensive and simple to use. They act as a wonderful repellent to mice,” Irina says.

4.   Dried snake/Cat litter

Some zoo sell dried snake.

Put the dried snake in the holes of the house where you saw rats or mice come out.

You can also put cat litter near the holes as suggested by farmers.

5.   Sound

Put a sound box near the rat holes and switch it on.

“These sharp sounds are not tolerable by the rats. Their ears start bleeding, and they die after some time,“ Irina says.

6.   A clean place

The best way to keep rats away is to keep your place clean.

“Before you even think about traps or poison, you need to clean up your yard. The goal is to eliminate any and all hiding spots to make your yard less hospitable to rodents. Remember – rats hate being in open spaces. The less junk and overgrowth you have in your yard, the less likely rodents will be able to find a place to nest and hide,” Irina says.

What to do:

  • Keep the grass trimmed.
  • Remove junk, piles of wood, cardboard and other debris.
  • Seal holes/gaps in storage sheds and other outdoor buildings.
  • Cut off rat’s access to the food supply by removing fallen fruits and vegetables from the ground.
  • Keep your trash cans tightly secured, and empty them frequently.
  • Use bird feeders. Do not scatter feed on the ground.
  • Do not leave pet food outside or in bowls. Put away pet bowls.
“A clean yard that’s free of debris and overgrowth will be less attractive to rats. They’ll have nowhere to hide, and if you cut off their food supply, they’ll have even fewer reasons to stick around, “ Irina stresses.

Topics: rats , remedies , 14 Home Remedies to Get Rid of Rats Fast (Naturally) , rodenticides
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