Smart Communications Inc. said Thursday it is expanding the capacity of its LTE network and ramping up the strategic rollout of base stations to improve internet services.
The company said that as of end-August, the number of its LTE base stations increased by 15 percent to 28,200 from a year ago. Providing high-capacity links for these base stations is PLDT’s fiber infrastructure, now at 382,500 kilometers as of end-August.
Base stations are electronic equipment installed on cell sites that transmit and receive radio frequencies. They connect customers’ mobile devices, such as phones and Wi-Fi routers like Smart Bro LTE pocket Wi-Fi and the PLDT Home Wi-Fi, to the network.
“Your device is constantly ‘talking’ to the nearest base station and cell site,” said Mario Tamayo, PLDT-Smart senior vice president for network planning and engineering.
“Your phone and the base station can do that because they share common frequencies—similar to when you tune in to a radio or TV station. Your phone should be able to pick up the signal coming from the base station if the phone has the same frequency as the base station,” he said.
The base stations in a cell site are connected via fiber to the network core, which processes calls, messages and data transactions.
“When you turn on your phone, the first thing it does is look for a signal. It connects to a base station, which then connects to the core, to verify information about you, the subscriber. The core is the heart and the brain of the network, and it contains all the information about a subscriber—whether they are a prepaid or postpaid subscriber, or their active data subscriptions, for example,” Tamayo said.
Tamayo emphasized the importance of having a fiber backbone to connect the network. “From the base station all the way to the core, the connection is mostly fiber. Faster transmission of data is best enabled by fiberizing the base stations, so our customers can have a better experience when streaming videos, for example,” he said.
“We are able to optimize our network configuration by applying a basic foundation of 700Mhz in all our sites to maximize coverage while adding base stations per site for capacity as necessary. As a result, we have managed to build an efficient network despite a relatively lower number of cell sites while covering 95 percent of the population in the Philippines,” Tamayo said.
Since 2016, PLDT and Smart’s comprehensive network modernization and expansion program has equipped cell sites with low-frequency bands such as 700 MHz, which cover much wider areas than high-frequency bands and provide better indoor coverage with the use of fewer cell sites, alongside deploying high-frequency bands to increase the capacity of each Smart cell site to handle ever-increasing mobile data traffic.
This accelerated network rollout forms part of the PLDT Group’s sustained investments in their network, which have totaled some P260 billion from 2015 to 2019.