Two Filipino medical doctors commended the Senate and the House of Representatives for legislating a bill that aims to regulate the use of vaporized nicotine products such as e-cigarettes and heated tobacco products which were scientifically found to be less harmful alternatives to combustible cigarettes.
Cardiologist Rafael Castillo and occupational medicine specialist Dr. Lorenzo Mata expressed their support for the bill on non-combustible alternatives to cigarettes, which aim to regulate nicotine products and have ample provisions to protect minors.
The House of Representatives earlier approved House Bill 9007, while the Senate is still tackling Senate Bill 2239, which recognizes e-cigarettes and HTPs as less harmful to cigarettes. The Senate version dedicated a third of its provisions to ensure that minors will not have access to non-combustible alternatives and that only 18 years old and above are allowed to purchase and use them, the same age restriction imposed on cigarettes.
Castillo said that “Senate Bill No. 2239 and House Bill No. 9007, which aim to regulate nicotine products, should provide the needed controls, but they should not be more stringent than what is currently imposed on conventional cigarette products, or else the enacted laws could be self-defeating and may make inaccessible the pragmatic middle ground.”
Castillo, a fellow of the Philippine College of Physicians, Philippine College of Cardiology and the European Society of Cardiology, is among the medical professionals who conducted the first local scientific study that concluded HTPs contain less harmful chemicals than cigarettes.
Meanwhile, Dr. Lorenzo Mata, president of the advocacy group Quit For Good and an occupational medicine specialist for over 35 years, said his group envisions a regulatory framework that incorporates harm reduction measures.
He said regulations for non-combustible alternatives should be “less restrictive than a combustible cigarette and supportive of reasonable accessibility while curbing unintended use of non-smokers and minors.”
Mata said laws should be “carefully calibrated to ensure that adult smokers are made aware of the less harmful alternatives available and given the option to shift to these alternatives while minors and non-smokers are protected. Over-regulating these better alternatives to the point of impossibility of compliance would only perpetuate smoking.”
Castillo said they support the use of HTPs in recalcitrant smokers and share the concern about its potential for abuse, especially by our youth. “This is where effective legislation can provide the necessary control measures. Not only the youth should be protected but even older nonsmoking adults, especially the women, who could be lured into the vice,” he said.
Castillo said the current decline in the number of smokers represents a mere 2.5-percent in the “past two years or 1,0250,000 less smokers per year. This may be a positive direction, but the number of smokers is not going down fast enough. We know there’s no quick fix to it, but a pragmatic and aggressive approach to the problem that shows some promise in mitigating the outcomes should be tried. The use of Alternative Tobacco Products and HTPs may be one such approach.”
He said that “permanent smoking cessation is still our main goal but as a mitigating measure, we allow our recalcitrant smoker patients to shift to HTPs as a relatively less harmful middle ground.”
“However, there’s a conscious effort to constantly remind them to give up smoking eventually,” he said.
Meanwhile, consumers and industry groups highlighted the overwhelming support that the vape bill is receiving from the estimated 1 million vapers nationwide asserting their rights in the campaign “We vape, we vote”.
“We’re seeing massive grassroots support for SB 2239 from vape shop owners and vapers both online and offline. Posters and stickers expressing support for the bill can be seen everywhere up to the Visayas region. As the deliberations in the Senate continues, we are seeing more organic posts from people using the #yestovapebill on social media,” said Joey Dulay, president of the Philippine E-cigarette Industry Association.
Anton Israel, president of Nicotine Consumers Union of the Philippines, said that in the Senate live streaming on the vape bill, 90 percent of numerous comments and reactions were in support of the bill.
“The stakeholders’ clamor for a balanced regulation on e-cigarettes and HTPs reflects the people’s desire to have access to less harmful alternatives to smoking. There are around 17 million smokers in the Philippines, these are people whose lives will benefit once we have a risk proportionate regulation in place,” said Israel.