Markets mostly rose in Asia on Wednesday as investors looked past spiking coronavirus infections and warnings of a US surge in the disease, with eyes on the economic recovery as countries press ahead with the easing of lockdowns.
Traders took their lead from another rally on Wall Street, which was lifted by a forecast-beating jump in US consumer confidence, while eyes were also on the release later this week of key jobs data out of Washington.
And while equities are considered unlikely to kick on unless there is a major vaccine breakthrough, analysts said the trillions of dollars in government and central bank support continues to provide a boost.
In the United States, Donald Trump's top virus expert warned Congress that new daily cases could more than double unless officials step up efforts to control the pandemic.
"Clearly, we are not in total control right now," Anthony Fauci said. "I would not be surprised if it goes up to 100,000 a day if this does not turn around."
He warned that a jump in infections in Texas and Florida was driving the daily national total to more than 40,000, and they need to be tamped down quickly to avoid dangerous surges elsewhere in the country, adding that the final death toll could be "very disturbing".
His comments came as some states reimposed measures only recently lifted, while reports of new clusters in several countries including Australia, Germany and Japan fuelled worries of a second wave.
Still, there was a feeling that a return to widespread lockdowns seen earlier in the year was unlikely.
"The next couple of weeks may tell us much about how the rest of the pandemic develops as the renewed wave of the virus in some US states is starting to weigh on economic activity," said AxiCorp's Stephen Innes.
"But the restoring lockdowns so far are mostly concentrated on the service sector of the southern and western states. It certainty prolongs the rebound of the service sector, but the impact is much less than the first lockdown in March."
'Fear of missing out'
Innes added that some metrics indicated the death rate was much lower in the US.
"The optimist in me looks for potential drivers, including better medical treatment, healthcare systems that are no longer overwhelmed, younger patients, and mutation of the virus," he said.
Shanghai gained 1.4 percent with investors taking heart from the easing of some recently reimposed lockdowns as hopes grew that a recent outbreak in Beijing had been brought under control.
Mumbai also rose more than one percent, while Sydney and Singapore both put on 0.6 percent. Taipei and Manila were also higher.
Tokyo shed 0.8 percent after a closely watched Bank of Japan survey showed that confidence among the country's biggest manufacturers had hit its lowest level since 2009 during the global financial crisis.
There were also losses in Seoul, Jakarta, Bangkok and Wellington.
In early trade, London, Paris and Frankfurt edged up slightly.
Hong Kong was closed for a holiday, though investors were keeping tabs on the city on the anniversary of the handover to China and after Beijing imposed a sweeping security law to prevent further unrest in the financial hub.
Markets have surged about a fifth from their March lows, thanks to the easing of lockdowns, improving economic data and the huge financial support.
Rodrigo Catril, of National Australia Bank, said that the worry of missing out on further gains is playing a role in continued support for prices.
"The fear of missing out, along with the need to put cash to work against a stimulus deluge backdrop, continues to be the overwhelming force, notwithstanding worrying virus infection rates and warnings from experts," he said in a note.
Oil prices jumped more than one percent as investors cheered news that Saudi exports had tumbled in June, indicating it was sticking to a massive output agreement with other major producers including Russia.
It shipped 5.7 million barrels a day last month, compared with 6.2 million in May, a drop equivalent to seven full supertankers over the month.
Key figures around 0720 GMT
Tokyo - Nikkei 225: DOWN 0.8 percent at 22,121.73 (close)
Shanghai - Composite: UP 1.4 percent at 3,025.98 (close)
Hong Kong - Hang Seng: Closed for a holiday
London - FTSE 100: UP 0.1 percent at 6,175.65
West Texas Intermediate: UP 1.4 percent at $39.81 per barrel
Brent North Sea crude: UP 1.3 percent at $41.79 per barrel
Euro/dollar: DOWN at $1.1227 from $1.1234 at 2100 GMT
Dollar/yen: DOWN at 107.64 yen from 107.97 yen
Pound/dollar: DOWN at $1.2388 from $1.2391
Euro/pound: UP at 90.62 pence from 90.65 yen
New York - Dow: UP 0.9 percent at 25,812.88 (close)
-- Bloomberg News contributed to this story --