SINCE the Philippines was ranked 3rd largest producer of plastic wastes based on the University of Georgia study, Sen. Cynthia A. Villar said it was only fitting that the reduction of marine debris was among the topics highlighted by 12th Session of the Conference of the Parties to the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals during the summit in Manila.
The study also showed that the plastic wastes could potentially enter the seas and oceans and cause damage.
Among 192 countries surveyed, the study also shows China and Indonesia as top plastic waste producers.
Villar commended the organizers for the successful hosting of the event which saw the biggest number of participants of over 1,000 from 126 countries and the biggest number of proposals accepted.
She also welcomed the agreements forged among world governments during the week-long conference, including actions to reduce marine debris such as plastics, microplastics and fishing gears.
As chair of the Senate Committee on Environment and Natural Resources, Villar was among the speakers on the first day of the conference.
Upon the invitation of the European Union, Villar was among the speakers in the panel discussion “Towards a Plastic-free Ocean -- What role for policymakers, civil society and business?” in Singapore, where she stressed the extreme danger marine plastic wastes pose to the Philippines’ marine natural resources.
“It is already among the common cause of the disease and death of animals. There have been increasing reports and incidents whale sharks, turtles and other animals that get entangled in or ingest plastic wastes,” said Villar.
“Eventually, that will threaten the entire ecosystem. Moreover, livelihoods and food sources are adversely affected,” Villar added.
Villar also shared her legislative effort to amend the 17-year-old Republic Act 9003 or the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act of 2000 to make manufacturers more accountable.
Villar said: “A few months ago, during a Senate hearing, we asked private companies to get more involved in solving the worsening plastic wastes problem in our country.
“After all, they are the biggest producers of consumer items that utilize plastics.
“In fact, in our coastal cleanups, we collect truckloads of non-biodegradable wastes, mostly plastic wrappers, containers or sachets of shampoo, soaps and other personal care and food products.”
The senator said they would like to pattern the amendment in our law after the so-called Extended Producer Responsibility concept practice by European countries that mandates manufacturers to recover plastic wastes through buy-back or recycling program.
She said there should be a shared responsibility among us when it comes to waste management.
CMS-COP12 also accorded greater protection for the endangered whale shark or butanding along with 34 other species.
It also identified the Philippine government as one of the five new Migratory Species Champion for its effort to protect the whale shark.